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The latest vaccination requirements and recommendations

Since 1ah As of January 1, 2018, eleven instead of three vaccinations are mandatory for all infants. Vaccination recommendations and obligations have evolved over the years, depending on the health context, but also on advances in vaccination. health online provides an update on the latest vaccine developments.

Eleven mandatory vaccinations since May 1stah January 2018

Eleven vaccinations have been compulsory for infants in France since January 1, 2018 and required to enter the Community since January 1.ah June 2018 :

Knowledge ! Yellow fever vaccination is also mandatory for children over 12 months residing in French Guiana.

Before these new obligations came into force, three vaccinations were already mandatory (diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) and the others were strongly recommended. Conversely, the obligation to vaccinate against tuberculosis (link to the file: Maladies/ Maladies-infectieuses/tuberculose/) was lifted on 1ah April 2019. Vaccination requirements therefore evolve over the years and are aimed at this Protecting the population from serious, potentially fatal diseases by ensuring optimal immunization coverage.

Vaccination obligations and recommendations

In addition to these compulsory vaccinations, the health authorities determine each year Vaccination recommendations for the general population or for specific population groupsfor example :

  • Vaccination against whooping cough is recommended for all adults who want to have children and for all pregnant women, in the second trimester of pregnancy and for every pregnancy;
  • Papillomavirus vaccination for all adolescents, boys and girls;
  • Specific vaccines for travelers to certain countries (yellow fever, tick-borne encephalitis, etc.);
  • Specific vaccines for certain professional groups.

Since the Covid-19 pandemic and after the development of several vaccines against the SARS-Cov2 virus, specific vaccination recommendations have been drawn up. Since July 26, 2022, the second vaccination against Covid-19 is possible for all of the following population groups:

  • people over 60 years of age and their immediate environment;
  • people with a weakened immune system and those close to them;
  • Pregnant woman ;
  • people at risk of a severe form of Covid-19;
  • health specialists.

What about vaccination against smallpox?

In view of the emergence of non-imported cases of monkeypox in Europe since May 2022, new vaccination recommendations have been published by various countries. Currently, the vaccines available are against human smallpox (a disease that has now been eradicated worldwide) and not against monkeypox. But some smallpox vaccines offer some protection against monkeypox. On July 25, 2022, the European Medicines Agency approved the vaccine Imvanex® for the prevention of monkeypox.

In France, the High Authority for Health (HAS) recommends:

  • Vaccination of adults who have had risky contact with a patient with monkeypox ;
  • Preventive vaccination of those most at risk of contracting monkeypox :
    • Men who have sex with men report multiple partners;
    • Transgender people who report multiple sex partners;
    • people in a situation of prostitution;
    • Professionals in places of sexual consumption.

Estelle B., Doctor of Pharmacy


– Compulsory vaccinations. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
– 2nd booster shot: who is eligible? Retrieved August 22, 2022.
– Smallpox-monkeypox. Retrieved August 22, 2022.

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