Troubles digestifs, dérèglement du cycle menstruel, perte de cheveux… 8 effets méconnus du tabac

Indigestion, menstrual disorders, hair loss… 8 little-known effects of tobacco

Somewhere in the back of their minds, smokers know that tobacco doesn’t just harm their lungs. Cigarette and tobacco packs have been emblazoned with one more disgusting preventive image than the other for the last ten years, designed to warn of the harmful effects of this “drug”.

It is estimated that France has between 10 and 15 million smokers. If most of you know about yellowing teeth, altered taste and especially lung cancer, do you know about the other harmful effects of tobacco? We’ve listed eight of them, but there are obviously many more on the counter.

It is known that smoking is responsible for lung cancer. However, several studies by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have highlighted its role in the occurrence of other types of cancer: cancer of the larynx, cancer of the tongue … but also breast cancer.

In a study published in 2014, the National Institutes of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) showed that cigarettes increase the risk of developing breast cancer by 16%, even if it is not second-hand smoke. Otherwise, “Starting smoking at a young age, before first pregnancy, further increases breast cancer risk later in life”completes this research.

Tobacco would also increase the risk of developing diabetes. “The cigarette has been shown to have adverse effects on the cardiovascular and metabolic systems due to the many toxins it contains and smoking, whether active or passive (suffered). Tobacco significantly increases the risk of diabetes complications.”explains the French Diabetic Association.

  • Tobacco and hair loss

“It has been proven that smoking can be responsible for hair loss and in particular androgenetic alopecia”, explains Tobacco Info Service before being a bit more reassuring and adding that this type of alopecia is not permanent. As a matter of fact, “The toxins contained in the scalp are gradually eliminated. Hair regrowth is possible after a few months of weaning.”

According to the Prevention page, hair loss is caused by a lack of oxygen and a lack of irrigation of the scalp, which tobacco is the cause of:

“Hair follicles need oxygen, nutrients and minerals to produce healthy hair. The toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke can affect circulation, constrict blood vessels and cut off blood flow. If the follicles aren’t getting the blood they need to nourish themselves, the hair growth cycle is disrupted.”

Smoking reportedly increases fracture healing time by six weeks Le figaro in 2013, based on a study by researchers in Pennsylvania.

“Smoking delays the regeneration of bone tissue and increases the risk of complications‘ the national newspaper writes on its website. “To the point where it takes a smoker, on average, six weeks longer to heal a broken tibia than a non-smoker,” he closes.

This harmful effect of tobacco affects both men and women. “Also, the normal time to conception doubles in couples who smoke”, indicates the tobacco information service. And to explain, in male smokers “Sperms are more likely to exhibit anatomical abnormalities that are the cause of reduced mobility and greater difficulty in penetrating the egg cell”.

For smokers “Tobacco reduces fertility in relation to the number of cigarettes smoked each day”. In fact, nicotine not only causes hormonal changes, but also has a harmful effect on “the mucus of the cervix (where sperm swim)” and “the microscopic cilia that line the inside of the tubes (and help sperm reach the egg)”.

In addition, quitting smoking in women results in a return to normal fertility within a few weeks. In males, it is estimated that it will take three months before any improvement is seen, the time it takes to produce a sperm.

As we just explained, smoking affects the endocrine system. It can therefore also affect the menstrual cycle. According to the tobacco information service “Smoking decreases the release of estrogen, a hormone associated with a woman’s menstrual cycle. Female smokers therefore suffer more frequently from menstrual cycle disorders (menstrual cycle disorders, pain)”.

In addition, smoking can be responsible for premature menopause.

When it comes to surgery, some may already know that it is sometimes advisable not to smoke before surgery. “Perioperative smoking increases general risks (infectious and coronary, transfer to ICU, etc.) and surgical risks (complications of scarring, suture loosening, delay in bone consolidation, etc.), explains in detail Tabac Info Service.

And to add: “Smoking cessation six to eight weeks before a planned surgery is recommended. […]. A stop in the days leading up to the procedure is an advantage.”

  • Tobacco and indigestion

Let’s start by remembering that when you smoke a cigarette you are inhaling “approx. 4,000 chemical substances” that have harmful effects on your digestive system. These disrupt our transit and can be responsible for more or less serious digestive and intestinal diseases.

According to the tobacco information service “Nicotine has a stimulating effect on the intestines”. In order to, “Many smokers use tobacco as a means of regulating transit. In smokers, the gut also becomes dependent on nicotine to function. When you quit smoking, problems with constipation and bloating can occur.”

Note that after quitting smoking, the digestive system will return to normal within one to two months on average. Proof that quitting has almost immediate positive effects. Courage to all who are using this May 31st to try to break this bad habit.

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