Last year, The renewable energy sector achieved 12.7 million jobss, an increase of 700,000 new jobs in a single year, despite the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the growing energy crisis, according to a new report.
The report, titled Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2022, identifies the size of the national market as the main factor affecting job creation in the renewable energy sector, along with labor and other costs. According to this, solar energy is the fastest growing sector, which will create 4.3 million jobs in 2021more than a third of the current global renewable energy workforce.
The report notes that amid growing concerns about climate change, the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and supply chain disruptions Countries are increasingly interested in localizing supply chains and creating jobs at the national level.
He emphasizes that building strong national markets is key to driving clean energy industrialization. The development of export capacities for renewable technologies also depends on this.
According to Francesco La Camera, Director General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), despite the difficulties, The renewable energy sector has proven to be a reliable engine for job creation.
“My advice to governments around the world is to adopt industrial policies that aim to encourage the development of decent renewable energy jobs at the national level. Strengthening the national value chain not only creates business opportunities and new jobs for individuals and local communities, but it also improves supply chain reliability and contributes to greater overall energy security.”
Asia goes ahead
The report finds that more and more countries are creating jobs in renewable energy. Almost two thirds of all these jobs are in Asia. China alone accounts for 42% of the global total, followed by the European Union and Brazil at 10% each, then the United States and India at 7% each.
The Director-General of the International Labor Organisation, Guy Rydersaid that “apart from the numbers, there is an increasing focus on the quality of jobs and working conditions in the renewable energy sector to ensure decent and productive employment”.
In addition, he pointed out that the growing share of female employment suggests that with targeted policies and training, it is possible to significantly increase women’s participation in renewable occupations, and ultimately achieve a just transition for all.
“I encourage governments, unions and employers’ organizations to remain committed to the sustainable energy transition, which is critical to the future of work.”said Ryder.
The report highlights some notable regional and national developments. Southeast Asian countries, for example, have become important production centers for photovoltaic solar modules and producers of biofuels.
That China is the leading manufacturer and installer of photovoltaic solar panels while generating a growing number of jobs in the offshore wind sector India has added more than 10 gigawatts of offshore wind power and created many installation jobs, although it remains heavily dependent on imported modules.
Europe now accounts for 40% of global wind energy generation and is the leading exporter of wind turbineswhile attempting to rebuild its manufacturing industry for photovoltaic solar modules.
Africa’s role is still limitedbut the report notes that there are growing job opportunities in the distributed renewable energy sector, particularly in support of local trade, agriculture and other economic activities.
On the American continent it is Mexico is the leading supplier of rotor blades for wind turbines. the Brazil remains the main employer in the biofuel sector, but also creates many jobs in wind and solar plants.
That United Statesmeanwhile, are beginning to build a national industrial base for the burgeoning offshore wind sector.
The report emphasizes that the expansion of renewable energy must be supported by comprehensive measures, including the training of workers, to ensure decent, quality, well-paid and varied jobs to achieve a just transition.
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