Adolescence: definition, age, what changes in the body

Difficult old age, teenagers in crisis… The collective imagination maintains a representation of adolescence that hides very different situations from one individual to another. Adolescence, however, remains an age of profound physiological and psychological changes for everyone.

Definition: what is youth?

According to the Le Robert dictionary, adolescence is the age after puberty and before adulthood. “Adolescence begins with puberty but differs from it because it presents itself as a psychosocial phenomenon specific to the human species, while puberty is a biological phenomenon common to humans and animals. Puberty appears throughout history as a period of natural transformation of the human organism. Starting from this phenomenon, simple in itself, societies and times have imagined another period of very different lengths, the “adolescence”, in which all biological manifestations, ambiguities, and psychological and social concerns mingle‘, defines psychologist Diana Dadoorian.

At what age does puberty begin and end?

According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO) “Adolescence is the period of life between childhood and adulthood, ie between 10 and 19 years.

What are the characteristics of puberty?

“Adolescents experience rapid physical growth as well as cognitive and psychological development”, the WHO further specifies. From a personal point of view, adolescence is characterized by profound psychological changes. “Adolescence is characterized by physical and psychological changes. On this last point we observe the resistance phase, self-assertion phase and independence phase. Classic changes that need to be accompanied, but which should not be dramatized“ warns Faïza Bossy, general practitioner.

What changes in the body during puberty?

Puberty marks the beginning of adolescence. During this transition period the body transitions from the condition of a child to that of an adult. The main changes under the influence of hormones are:
► The appearance of secondary sex characteristics (breast development, hair growth, muscles)
► The rapid development of primary sex characteristics (change in appearance of vulva in girls, development of penis and testicles in boys)
► The arrival of First period at the girl
► The moult vote and the first cum in boys
► One rapid growth and a physical development

What are the symptoms of a teenage crisis?

“Of mood swings, lack of self-confidence, a emotionality are common in adolescents. These attitudes can be related to hormonal and physical changes that affect character. In addition, young people are often torn between the desire for more autonomy and the fear of no longer being protected by their parents. He also tends to spend more time alone Challenging adult authoritysometimes aggressive and engage in risky behaviors“, describes the social security system. “Adolescence is indeed a period of life in which unprecedented upheavals in the history of the subject take place.“, summarizes the psychologist François Marty. However, if the fragility of youth is very real, the Teenage crisis, it’s not a mandatory passage.

severe adolescent crisis remains a fairly rare phenomenon

It is quite clear that from the moment when the physical changes are very significant, when the psychological changes imply a need for autonomy and a need for confirmation of one’s identity, all this naturally leads to a change in behavior. But every teenager will adapt in their own way. Therefore, a severe youth crisis remains a fairly rare phenomenon.“, explains Faïza Bossy and adds: “a teenager who wants more independence, sometimes going against his parents, that seems quite classic in the process of development and self-affirmation. On the contrary, he is important not to be alone to survive this transitional phase and the rapid and profound changes that come with it”.

What to do with problems in youth?

Parents: caregivers, The family structure plays a supporting role to soothe the teenager who is going through profound and numerous changes. However, when a deep malaise sets in, the young person is putting themselves at risk and if their physical and/or mental health is at stake, then so must they be accompanied by a medical professional.

thanks to dr Faïza Bossy, general practitioner in Paris.

#Adolescence #definition #age #body

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